Critically discuss three sociological approaches to

Human behavior and each respective society that is studied can be evaluated and governed by the scientific method to produce reliable results. New York: Free Press. Thus, in structural-functionalist thought, individuals are not significant in and of themselves but only in terms of their social status : their position in patterns of social relations.

The basic distinction, however, is between micro-sociology and macro-sociology.

major sociological theories

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce some of the more well-known and most commonly used grand and middle-range theories in sociology. These components are then primarily analysed in terms of the function they play.

The History of Sexuality, An Introduction. Sociological theory attempts to answer the following three questions: 1 What is action?

Define the term sociological perspective

They do not believe that men are oppressed. Social Theory and Social Structure, revised and enlarged. However, in Rules of the Sociological Method he defined sociology as the study of objective social facts. In his own work, he endeavoured to show how the variety of specific work actions, strikes, and revolts by workers in different occupations for better pay, safer working conditions, shorter hours, the right to unionize, etc. Many of the broader elements of societies remain remarkably stable over time, indicating the structural-functional perspective has a great deal of merit. He was expelled from school for recruiting gang members. A heuristic device to help you think about society from a conflict perspective is to ask, "Who benefits from this element of society? The relationship is an inverse one - as one goes up, the other goes down. Sociologists who study and research homelessness have argued over its formal definition for decades, though for some, the definition of homelessness seems self explanatory and obvious. Another philosophical problem with the structural-functional approach is the ontological argument that society does not have needs as a human being does; and even if society does have needs they need not be met. Individuals experience them as obligations, duties, and restraints on their behaviour, operating independently of their will. Critical theory is an expansion of conflict theory and is broader than just sociology, including other social sciences and philosophy. Contemporary sociological theory retains traces of each these traditions and they are by no means mutually exclusive. Religion performs the key function of providing social solidarity in a society.
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Introduction to Sociology/Sociological Theory